Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum is a neurotropic dimorphic fungus. The majority of immunocompetent infected individuals have either no symptoms or a very mild illness. CNS involvement is observed in 5% to 10% of patients, mostly in case of disseminated histoplasmosis and/or in association with immunecompromising conditions. Radiologic differential diagnosis of a ring-enhancing intraparenchymal brain mass lesion should include also histoplasmosis. Biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis, but non-invasive strategies, such as detection of fungal antigens in cerebrospinal fluid, may be helpful. Liposomal amphotericin B followed by itraconazole for at least 1 year is recommended, but often associated with significant side effects.
We present a case of isolated CNS histoplasmosis, presenting with multiple ring-enhancing bilateral lesions, in a young Ecuadorian immunocompetent host, successfully treated with oral voriconazole for twelve months.
To cite this article
A case of cerebral histoplasmosis in an immunocompetent host successfully treated with voriconazole
Infectious Diseases & Tropical Medicine 2015; 1 (2): e90
Published online: 03 Jul 2015