Instruction for the Authors

Submit your article

Instructions for Authors




Our Journal makes a plagiarism checker by a certificate program.

Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine (Infect Dis Trop Med) publishes Editorials, Reviews, Original articles/Research articles, Brief communication, Short reports, Case reports, Case quiz and Scientific Correspondence on subjects regarding all areas of Infectious diseases: Bacterial infections, Virology, Fungal infections, Parasitology, HIV/AIDS, Antimicrobial resistance, Vaccines.

Several topics will be considered: basic research, prevention, translational research, pharmacology, and pharmacogenomics aspects, treatments, elderly patients, virus-related tumors, innovative aspects regarding diagnosis, pathology, clinical-experimental Infectious Diseases.

Infect Dis Trop Med is particularly interested in therapies and diagnostics, including all aspects of translation medicine from bench to bedside: identification of novel therapeutic targets, epidemiology, clinical trials, drug safety and meta-analyses. Reviews should include systematic revision of the literature concerning the treated topics and preferably meta-analyses, original illustration and tables. Infect Dis Trop Med does not accept for the publication “data not shown” or “unpublished data”. Letters are restricted to the discussion of papers already published in the journal, with a maximum of 300 words, one table or figure and up to ten references.

Original Articles

Format guide:
• Word limit: 3500 words (excluding the abstract and references).
• Key words (5-8 key words)
• References: 50
• Abstract: 300 words or less (Background, Methods, Results and Conclusions).
• Tables/Figures: Do not repeat the data extensively in tables or figures.

Brief Communication

Format guide:
• Word limit: 1700 words (excluding the abstract and references).
• References: 10-20.
• Abstract: Up to 75 words, unstructured
• Tables/Figures: 1 table and 2 figures.

Review Articles

Review topics should be related to clinical aspects of infectious diseases and should reflect trends and progress or a synthesis of data.

Format guide:
• Word limit: 4000 words (excluding the abstract and references).
• Key points should be reported on the title page in 50-words or less.
• References: unlimited.
• Abstract: Up to 200 words, unstructured.
•Tables/Figures: as necessary


Editorials are related to articles published in ID and are usually invited.

Format guide:
• Word limit: 1400 words.
• Tables/Figures: A maximum of 1 figure or table.
• References: 15 or less.

Case Quiz

Case Quiz are based on a question-and-answer format.

It usually illustrates an unusual disease or an atypical presentation of an infectious disease, to challenge the reader on its differential diagnosis.

The history of the case needs to be reported in the question portion of the article, but it should not disclose the diagnosis.

Format guide:
• Question should be written in a single paragraph.
• Figures: 3 or less.
• Answer should give the diagnosis and outline or include the key teaching points.

Short Reports and Case Reports

They will be considered for publication only if of particular interest.

Format guide:

Word limit: 100

The abstract must not exceed 200 words.

Manuscript Submission

Authors should submit manuscripts, including supporting documents and figures to ID

Supporting Documents

Upon submission all manuscripts should include the following documents:

Cover Letter

The cover letter must include contact information [e-mail, addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and] for all authors. A corresponding and an alternate author who can be contacted if the corresponding author is unavailable must be selected.

The letter should state that all authors have contributed, read and approved the manuscript, and also that the manuscript has not been previously published nor is not being considered for publication elsewhere. The names and contact information of 3 potential unbiased reviewers must be submitted. The names of individuals whom they do not want to review their manuscript can be remarked.


Authors must fulfill the following criteria:

  • He/she must have made a substantial contribution to research design, or to the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data;
  • He/she must have drafted the paper or revised it critically;
  • He/she must have given approval of the submitted and final versions

Copyright Transfer Agreement: IDTM Authors will be required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement (click to download PDF) for all papers accepted for publication. Signature of the CTA is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless a signed form has been received. After submission, Authors cannot submit their manuscript to other journals. After acceptance, the Publisher got the rights and became the owner of the paper. To assist Authors, an appropriate CTA form will be supplied by the editorial office. The original completed Copyright Transfer Agreement must be signed by the corresponding Author and sent by e-mail to IDTM. The Editors retain the usual right to modify the style and length of a contribution (major changes being agreed with the corresponding Author) and to decide the time of publication.


To reproduce any third party material, such as figures or tables, authors must request, obtain and show permission from the copyright holder.

A statement indicating that permission has been obtained must be included in the relevant legend/footnote.



General Information:

The manuscript should be typed with a wide margin. Authors should retain one copy of all material, as the Editors cannot accept responsibility for loss of, or damage to, a manuscript.

The text should start with a structured Abstract, not exceeding 300 words, organized into sections using all of the following headings INTRODUCTION or BACKGROUND or OBJECTIVE, PATIENTS AND METHODS or MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS.

Pages should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals, including tables, figure legends (with magnifications if needed), acknowledgments, and declaration of interests.

Abbreviations should be defined at the first use and should be kept to a minimum.

Language editing pre-submission: If English is not your first language, language editing is required before submission to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Several editing companies offer such services.

References should be numbered in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text, and should be identified in the text, tables, and legends by Arabic numbers in superscript. List all the Authors. The US National Library of Medicine and used in Index Medicus applies (for more details see the section “References”). References must be verified by the Authors against the original documents.

Authors who want to publish on our Journal must follow the guidelines on Good Publication Practice: COPE and PERK These guidelines aim to ensure that articles are published in a responsible and ethical manner.

Title page:

The Authors’ names, appointments and work address at the relevant time, plus the full contact details of the Corresponding Author including their current e-mail address must be reported.

A full and a short running title.

Key words for indexing purposes (5-10).


Original article 300 words (Introduction or Background, Patients and Methods or Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusions).

Brief communication 75 words, unstructured.

Review 200 words, unstructured.


The paper should then proceed conventionally:

Introduction or Background or Objective

Materials and Methods or Patients and Methods





When reporting the reference numbers in the text, you must follow these rules: “1-2” must be written as “1,2” and so on. You have to put “-“ just in case you have many consecutive numbers. For example: “1,2,3,4,5,6” must be written as “1-6”;

References’ numbers must follow a chronological order within the text and must be inserted before the punctuation. (YES 12. NO.12)

Complete all the references in accordance with the Instructions for the authors (see How to submit an article, list all the authors (NOT et al), year without month of publication, delete the number of the single issue after the volume’s number, name of the journal: write the international acronyms without any punctuation; you must put a space after semicolon and colon (NOT 2014;2014:907915, YES 2014; 2014: 907915); moreover, initial and final pages must be entirely reported (NOT 135-46; YES 135-146). Delete the PMID and DOI number when you have the data aforementioned;

In the references, you must enter a space after semicolon and colon

  • YES: Garcia-Contreras M, Brooks RW, Boccuzzi L, Robbins PD, Ricordi C. Exosomes as biomarkers and therapeutic tools for type 1 diabetes mellitus. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017; 21: 2940-2956.
  • NOT: Garcia-Contreras M, Brooks RW, Boccuzzi L, Robbins PD, Ricordi C. Exosomes as biomarkers and therapeutic tools for type 1 diabetes mellitus. EurRevMedPharmacolSci 2017;21:2940-2956.

In the references, you must substitute “and” with “,” (comma) before the last author’s name;

In the references, all the authors must be written with the same character size. You must write only the first letter in capital letter, without change the size of them.

(NOT) Example 1: NAINAN OV, XIA G, VAUGHAN G, MARGOLIS HS. Diagnosis of hepatitis A virus infection: A molecular approach. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 2006:19:63-79.

(YES) Example 1: Nainan OV, Xia G, Vaughan G, Margolis HS. Diagnosis of hepatitis A virus infection: a molecular approach. Clin Microbiol Rev 2006; 19: 63-79.

(NOT) Example 2: Blyth I., Healy B., Nair S., Freedman A. Mycotic internal carotid artery aneurysm as a complication of recurrent Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia in a late-presenting HIV patient. Infectious Diseases & Tropical Medicine 2016;2(1):e235

(YES) Example 2: Blyth I, Healy B, Nair S, Freedman A. Mycotic internal carotid artery aneurysm as a complication of recurrent Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia in a late-presenting HIV patient. IDTM 2016; 2: e235.


Figure legends should be included in the main text of the manuscript and not form part of the figures. For production purposes, it is best if you can supply figures in TIFF format; however, it is also possible to use Illustrator or Photoshop software saved in the ‘.eps’, ‘.tif’ or ‘.jpg’ format. If you are unable to provide these specified formats, please provide the figures in as many different file formats as soon as possible.

The figure resolution/specification for various types of original figures, at their final size, should be as follows: Line art – Minimum 600 dpi, measuring preferably 13 by 18 cm and no more than 20 by 25 cm in size. Halftone (i.e. both B/W and Colour photographs) – Minimum 300 dpi, measuring preferably 13 by 18 cm and no more than 20 by 25 cm in size. Line and tone (line art and halftone combined) – Minimum 600 dpi, measuring preferably 13 by 18 cm and no more than 20 by 25 cm in size.

Drug Names

Generic names should, in general, be used. If an Author desires, brand names may be inserted in parentheses. Drug names are spelled out according to the European Pharmacopoeia, but the American spelling should be used after the first use of a drug name.


Methods should be referenced. Two-tailed significance tests should be used unless explicitly stated. Controls should be described as completely as experimental subjects. Measures of location should be accompanied by measures of variability (e.g. mean and confidence intervals) as well as conventional probability values. Clinical trial reports should include the power of the study design.

Ethics, Institutional Review Boards and Informed Consent

Submitted clinical studies must include a reference to the appropriate Ethics Committee / Institutional Review Board (IRB) and have an appropriate Consent Form approved by the Ethics Committee / IRB before enrollment of the research subjects in the reported study. Appropriate review process and approval should be also documented for all pre-clinical experimental studies submitted. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. Should any questionable approval process emerge, the Editors reserve the right to reject any submitted paper.

Plagiarism or other types of unethical publication practice

About plagiarism or other types of unethical publication practice, we follow the COPE ( and PERK ( guidelines.

On a practical level, the first thing we do is conduct an early investigation using our anti‐plagiarism software. Our Journal makes a plagiarism checker by a certificate program on all the articles. Also, articles that are related to the suspected case of plagiarism or other unethical practice are checked accuracy by either the reviewer feedback and observations or the Editors own observations. Our anti‐plagiarism software, however, will not identify “salami slicing”. So it is imperative that each case is looked at individually and, therefore, we do not advocate the use of one statement of actions to penalize the offender. Each case is considered separately and, as editors, we will need to decide if it is a deliberate action on the part of the author or it is due to a lack of understanding of the requirements of ethical writing. This can happen for new authors or some authors where translation to English is often difficult. An example of this is where there are no words/phrases in that language that translate into English, and a developing practice that we noted is the ‘borrowing’ of words, phrases or often sentences that are considered appropriate for what authors mean to say.

IDTM disapproves any kind of malpractice and unethical practice.

Clinical trials

For reporting Clinical Trials Conducted by Pharmaceutical Companies Please ensure that clinical trials sponsored by pharmaceutical companies follow the guidelines on Good Publication Practice: and  These guidelines aim to ensure that such trials are published in a responsible and ethical manner. The guidelines cover companies’ responsibility to endeavor to publish results of all studies, companies’ relations with investigators, measures to prevent redundant or premature publication, methods to improve trial identification, and the role of professional medical writers. Moreover, authors are requested to register the clinical trial presented in the manuscript in a public trials registry and include the trial registration number at the end of the abstract.


All funding sources for the study should be reported in a separate section entitled “Funding.” This should appear before the “Acknowledgment” section.


Any assistance in preparing the manuscript should be stated. Personal acknowledgment should precede those of institutions of agencies.


Authors must fulfill the following criteria:

  • He/she must have made a substantial contribution to research design, or to the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data;
  • He/she must have drafted the paper or revised it critically;
  • He/she must have given approval of the submitted and final versions.

Revised Articles

Revised articles must be submitted again within 2 months, or else will be considered as rejected.

Galley Proofs

The corresponding Author will receive an e-mail with a pdf file of the galley proof. The galley proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Excessive changes (i.e. over 100 characters) made by the Author to the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Changes to figures and tables have an extra cost. Please check carefully the galley proof (especially for what concerns the name of Authors, affiliations and corresponding Authors) as after its approval no further change will be possible.

Before the publication, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine sends the final galley proof in which only missed misstatements in the previous galley proof can be corrected.

Cost of Publication

Free of charge.


Conflicts of Interest (COI)

At the time of submission, Infect Dis Trop Med policy requires that authors reveal any COI, including financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or any other situations that could raise questions of bias in either the reported work or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated. Disclosed potential COIs should include any relevant commercial or other sources of funding for either author(s), or the sponsoring institution, the associated department(s) or organization(s). When considering whether you should declare a COI, please consider the following question: Is there any arrangement that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors did not declare and that would emerge after publication and you had not declared it?

As an integral part of the online submission process, Corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these. If the Corresponding author is unable to confirm this information on behalf of all co-authors, the authors in question will then be required to submit a completed COI form to the Editorial Office. It is the Corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors adhere to this policy.

If the manuscript is published, COI information will be communicated in a statement within the published work.

COI in Industry Sponsored Research

Authors whose manuscripts are submitted for publication must declare all relevant sources of funding in support of the preparation of a manuscript. Infect Dis Trop Med requires full disclosure of financial support as to whether it is from the tobacco industry, the pharmaceutical or any other industry, government agencies, or any other source. This information should be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript.
Authors are required to specify sources of funding for the study and to indicate whether or not the text was reviewed by the sponsor prior to submission, i.e., whether the study was written with full investigator access to all relevant data and whether the sponsor exerted editorial influence over the written text. This information should be included in the cover letter. In addition to disclosure of direct financial support to the authors or their laboratory and prior sponsor-review of the paper, submitting authors are asked to disclose all relevant consultancies within the 12 months prior to submission, since the views expressed in the contribution could be influenced by the opinions they have expressed privately as consultants. This information should be included in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript.

In the event that a previously undisclosed potential competing interest for an author of a published paper comes to the attention of the editors and is subsequently confirmed with the authors, the undeclared interest will be published as an erratum in a future issue.


COI Policy: Reviewers and Editors

Reviewers must disclose to editors any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript, and they should disqualify themselves from reviewing specific manuscripts if they believe it to be appropriate. As in the case of authors, silence on the part of reviewers concerning potential conflicts may mean either that such conflicts exist that they have failed to disclose, or that conflicts do not exist. Reviewers must therefore also be asked to state explicitly whether conflicts do or do not exist. Reviewers must not use knowledge of the work, before its publication, to further their own interests. COI for a given manuscript exists when a participant in the peer review and publication process – author, reviewer, and editor – has ties to activities that could inappropriately influence his or her judgment, regardless of whether judgment is, in fact, affected. Financial relationships with industry (for example, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, expert testimony), either directly or through immediate family, are usually considered the most important conflicts of interest. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion. External peer reviewers should disclose to editors any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript and they should disqualify themselves from reviewing specific manuscripts if they believe it appropriate. The editors must be made aware of reviewers’ COI to interpret the reviews and judge for themselves whether the reviewer should be disqualified.” (From the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Annals of Internal Medicine 118, (8) 646-647).
judge for themselves whether the reviewer should be disqualified.” (From the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Annals of Internal Medicine 118, (8) 646-647).